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Endemic Birds in Salem

Endemic birds are those whose distribution is restricted to a defined area. In total, there are 66 South Asian endemic bird species in Salem including the 14 Indian endemics. As birders explore more, many species might get added to this list. Clicking the scientific name of a species will lead to eBird distribution map of that particular bird.

Every year ENDEMIC BIRD DAY is celebrated in India to document the resident and endemic bird species. It falls on the same date as the Global Big Day. Here’s the complete list of species endemic (or near-endemic) to South Asia taken from Bird Count India.

Further Information

WCB Arun

WHITE-CHEEKED BARBET (Psilopogon viridis), one of the common endemic birds in Salem. Photograph by J. Arun Prakash (Arun Jap)

 

Birds endemic to India that are found in Salem

S.No.

COMMON NAME

SCIENTIFIC NAME

1

Red Spurfowl

Galloperdix spadicea

2

Painted Spurfowl

Galloperdix lunulata

3

Grey Junglefowl

Gallus sonneratii

4

Nilgiri Wood Pigeon

Columba elphinstonii

5

Mottled Wood Owl

Strix ocellata

6

White-cheeked Barbet

Psilopogon viridis

7

White-spotted Fantail (Spot-breasted Fantail)

Rhipidura albogularis

8

Yellow-throated Bulbul

Pycnonotus xantholaemus

9

Indian Scimitar Babbler

Pomatorhinus horsfieldii

10

Large Grey Babbler

Turdoides malcolmi

11

Rufous Babbler

Turdoides subrufa

12

Nilgiri Flycatcher

Eumyias albicaudatus

13

Malabar Whistling Thrush

Myophonus horsfieldii

14

Nilgiri Flowerpecker

Dicaeum concolor

 

Other South Asian endemic birds found in Salem

S.No.

COMMON NAME

SCIENTIFIC NAME

15

Grey Francolin

Francolinus pondicerianus

16

Jungle Bush Quail

Perdicula asiatica

17

Indian Peafowl

Pavo cristatus

18

Crested Hawk Eagle

Nisaetus cirrhatus

19

Indian Spotted Eagle

Clanga hastata

20

Yellow-wattled Lapwing

Vanellus malabaricus

21

Common Hawk-Cuckoo

Hierococcyx varius

22

Grey-bellied Cuckoo

Cacomantis passerinus

23

Blue-faced Malkoha

Phaenicophaeus viridirostris

24

Sirkeer Malkoha

Phaenicophaeus leschenaultii

25

Indian Scops Owl

Otus bakkamoena

26

Rock Eagle Owl (Indian Eagle Owl)

Bubo bengalensis

27

Jungle Owlet

Glaucidium radiatum

28

Malabar Trogon

Harpactes fasciatus

29

Brown-headed Barbet

Psilopogon zeylanicus

30

Brown-capped Pygmy Woodpecker

Dendrocopos nanus

31

Black-rumped Flameback (Lesser Golden-backed Woodpecker)

Dinopium benghalense

32

White-naped Woodpecker

Chrysocolaptes festivus

33

Plum-headed Parakeet

Psittacula cyanocephala

34

Indian Pitta

Pitta brachyura

35

White-tailed Iora (Marshall’s Iora)

Aegithina nigrolutea

36

Orange Minivet

Pericrocotus flammeus

37

Black-headed Cuckooshrike

Lalage melanoptera

38

White-bellied Drongo

Dicrurus caerulescens

39

Jerdon’s Bushlark

Mirafra affinis

40

Indian Bushlark (Red-winged Bushlark)

Mirafra erythroptera

41

Ashy-crowned Sparrow Lark

Eremopterix griseus

42

Rufous-tailed Lark

Ammomanes phoenicura

43

Streak-throated Swallow

Petrochelidon fluvicola

44

Indian Nuthatch

Sitta castanea

45

White-browed Bulbul

Pycnonotus luteolus

46

Yellow-browed Bulbul

Iole indica

47

Square-tailed Bulbul

Hypsipetes ganeesa

48

Western Crowned Leaf Warbler

Phylloscopus occipitalis

49

Jungle Prinia

Prinia sylvatica

50

Ashy Prinia

Prinia socialis

51

Tawny-bellied Babbler

Dumetia hyperythra

52

Jungle Babbler

Turdoides striata

53

Yellow-billed Babbler

Turdoides affinis

54

Rusty-tailed Flycatcher

Muscicapa ruficauda

55

Indian Robin

Copsychus fulicatus

56

Blue-capped Rock Thrush

Monticola cinclorhynchus

57

Pied Thrush

Geokichla wardii

58

Indian Blackbird

Turdus simillimus

59

Brahminy Starling

Temenuchus pagodarum

60

Jerdon’s Leafbird

Chloropsis jerdoni

61

Pale-billed Flowerpecker

Dicaeum erythrorhynchos

62

Purple-rumped Sunbird

Leptocoma zeylonica

63

Long-billed Sunbird (Loten’s Sunbird)

Cinnyris lotenius

64

White-browed Wagtail

Motacilla madaraspatensis

65

Black-throated Munia

Lonchura kelaarti

66

Triclored Munia

Lonchura malacca