DARTER – Vol.1 – Issue 1 (Jan-Mar 2017)

Editor’s Note

Despite the rich and marvellous bird life of Salem, it was quite surprising to see the lack of birders in recent times. Unless we know what is around us and their importance, we may never make an effort to conserve it. Awareness about our local wildlife treasures is the first and crucial step which is very essential everywhere. So I have always wanted to publicize the glory of Salem birds on a regular basis. The meticulous record keeping by Mysore birders gave me the supplementary push to do it. On the birth anniversary of the legend Wangari Maathai, I’m delighted to bring out this first issue of DARTER, the quarterly e-magazine on birds and birding activities in Salem, Tamil Nadu, India. This is the first region specific e-magazine in Tamil Nadu dedicated to birds which will cover all the new records, interesting observations, articles, outreach programs, etc., happening in the district. We invite everyone especially school children to write their experiences, drawings or any work related to birds and photographers to submit their bird photographs taken only in Salem. The photograph should have been embedded in an eBird checklist which is mandatory.

Our team believes that the activities done in Salem will inspire many people and DARTER is one of the media to reach them. The first three months of birding activities in Salem has surpassed my expectations. Four years back, birding was almost zero in my hometown. Now we have people who are really dedicated to their daily birding. It doesn’t matter if the changes and progress are slow but should be sustainable in the long term even if there is no one to lead. That is the real success. It is possible only through team work and the prospects of what we can achieve as a team is much greater and it has done wonders. We hope to carry the same spirit and momentum not only for the welfare of birds but also to leave a better place for the next generation.

Why was DARTER chosen?

By not choosing any generalized name of a common bird which is already known to people (like Eagle, Woodpecker), I thought to use this opportunity to introduce a new name to people. I wanted to select a bird which is bigger in size, charismatic, fairly common, easily identifiable, threatened (or near-threatened) and the one which has good distribution in many parts of the district. After analyzing all the species recorded in Salem, the ORIENTAL DARTER Anhinga melanogaster fits perfectly in the above criteria. It may sound simple but it was quite a task. On a lighter note, the shape of the neck resembles ‘S’ and I took it like S for Salem. It is also one of my favourite birds.Ganeshwar SV

1 Darter by Samyak Kaninde
Representational image–ORIENTAL DARTER Photograph by Samyak Kaninde


Elavarasan M recorded STORK-BILLED KINGFISHER Pelargopsis capensis for the first time in Salem on January 8, 2017 at Kannankurichi (Mookaneri) Lake. It was certainly a surprise record from the middle of the city. The complete checklist can be seen here. 

2 SBKF by Elavarasan


The third edition of the Pongal Bird Count (15—18 January) saw enthusiastic participation by many people. On the first day, a new birding group, UNITED SALEM FOR BIRD LIFE was initiated by Tamil Nadu Science Forum for bird monitoring and to have a common platform for all birders in the district. (Note: The group was later renamed as SALEM ORNITHOLOGICAL FOUNDATION and was officially registered in September 2017). During the bird walk at Kannankurichi (Mookaneri) Lake, three teams were split and they were led by Ganeshwar SV, Jagadeesan Krishnan and Murugesh Nateshan. Eurasian Kestrel Falco tinnunculus was recorded for the first time at the lake and a total of 149 species were recorded over the four days. The report was published in The Hindu and a Tamil daily–Dinakaran. We thank SP Saravanan and Gandhi for their support.

(Note: The news was published on January 17th; hence it carries only 125 species)

4 PBC news
In THE HINDU on January 17, 2017


On 26th January (Republic Day), Aravind Amirtharaj, Elavarasan M, Ganeshwar SV, Gokul Vadivel, Jagadeesan Krishnan and Murugesh Nateshan recorded the elusive HAIR-CRESTED DRONGO Dicrurus hottentottus, for the first time in Salem. Four individuals were seen on Erythrina indica tree in Yercaud Ghat Road. Initially overlooked as Bronzed Drongo Dicrurus aeneus, the team was however doubtful because of lower elevation and dry habitat. After careful observation, they got the correct identification. The complete checklist can be seen here.

5 HCD by Aravind Amirtharaj - Copy
HAIR-CRESTED DRONGO seen between 40 feet to 60 feet bridge in Yercaud Ghat Road. Photograph by Aravind Amirtharaj

Later that evening, 55 species were recorded including the Ruddy-breasted Crake Zapornia fusca and Baillon’s Crake Zapornia pusilla at Kannankurichi (Mookaneri) Lake. The complete checklist can be seen here. On that particular day, a total of 112 species were recorded.


Tamil Nadu Science Forum (TNSF) organized a two day Thulir Science Festival on January 28 and 29, 2017 at Universal Matriculation School. Various corner activities were conducted and Birding was one among them. Ganeshwar SV along with Tamil Selvan, Gauthami, Subash, Venkat and Umaprabha gave talks in 8 different sessions and students were taken for a bird walk on the second day morning. The program focused on Great Backyard Bird Count and Campus Bird Count. More than 500 students participated in the event.

(* Thulir is a monthly science magazine in Tamil for children published by TNSF)

7 Ganeshwar bird walk
Ganeshwar SV with school children during the bird walk. Photograph by Guhan


Though they were recorded in Salem taluk previously, for the first time in Vazhappadi, Kalai Selvan recorded Black-naped Oriole Oriolus chinensis and Mottled Wood Owl Strix ocellata. The sightings were published in detail in three Tamil news dailies—Dinakaran, Dinamani and The Hindu.

8 Kalai Selvan news
The title in English: Rare BLACK-NAPED ORIOLE and MOTTLED WOOD OWL recorded at Vazhappadi


Two outreach programs for Campus Bird Count (a sub-event of GBBC) were conducted by Murugesh Nateshan on 14th and 16th of February at Panchayat Union Middle Schools in Krishnampudur and Thalavaipatti.

Murugesh Outreach
Murugesh Nateshan interacting with students at Thalavaipatti


Ganeshwar SV recorded ALPINE SWIFT Apus melba for the first time on February 16, 2017 at Kannankurichi (Mookaneri) Lake. The complete checklist can be seen here.


Salem birders surpassed and created many new records in this year’s GBBC. Pin-tailed Snipe Gallinago stenura was recorded for the first time at Kannankurichi (Mookaneri) Lake. Three of our birders featured in the World’s Top 10 rankings for checklists. Krishnampudur School students stood at World No. 35 in terms of checklists submitted (65). We congratulate all the participants of GBBC. We extend our thanks to Rajangam P (teacher at Thalavaipatti School) and Senthil Kumar (Head Master of Krishnampudur School) for engaging their students in Campus Bird Count. We thank SP Saravanan of The Hindu for his support.

10 GBBC news
In THE HINDU on February 23, 2017


On February 21, 2017 British Council training for English language was conducted at Government Boys High School, Magudanchavadi. Ganeshwar SV addressed school teachers from 25 Government schools from different parts of the district.

12 Ganeshwar teacher talk
Ganeshwar SV addressing school teachers. Photograph by Kiruthikaivasan Rajan


The first Great Sparrow Count was conducted from 18 to 20th March by United Salem for Bird Life. On the first day, Ganeshwar SV gave a talk on the importance of House Sparrows Passer domesticus at Panchayat Union Middle School, Thalavaipatti. It is not possible to say the increase or decrease in sparrow population with a random survey like this by few people. Hence more public participation is very essential. By doing this count every year, it will give us a better overview of the distribution and population status of sparrows in Salem. We thank SP Saravanan of The Hindu for his support.

13 Great Sparrow Count
In THE HINDU on March 22, 2017


Taking inspiration from the outreach program done by Murugesh Nateshan, an 8th standard student Dhanalakshmi of Panchayat Union Middle School, Thalavaipatti has started birding daily and her dedication is evident from the notes which she’s writing with illustrations.

Illustrations and records by DHANALAKSHMI, 8th standard


  1. Dear Ganeshwar,

    I quickly gone through the entire page and this is wonderful. Great work by all your guys. I really liked why you choose Darter! Well done. Two comments- 1) Do this as a pdf (like an ebook format) and put that up on your same blog so that people can download it and view it offline as well. 2) Please do this in Tamil as well.

    Looking forward to the next issue.

    with best wishes

    P. Jeganathan

    Liked by 1 person

  2. Excellent effort! I fully agree with Jegan that it would be very nice to have a Tamil section to each post. Perhaps it would be very nice to do a Tamil profile of one bird found in Salem with each post. I do hope your efforts motivate and mobilise more birders in Salem will lead, in the not-so-distant future, to a much more systematic atlas of Salem’s birds, and a more engaged birder community. Keep it up!

    Liked by 1 person

  3. Dear Ganeshwar,

    I am really surprised and happy to see the birding activity being conducted in Salem. You are clearly at the forefront. I would really like to visit Salem some day and go birding with yoru group.


    Liked by 1 person

  4. Hi Ganeshwar,
    Good work. We need more people like you to work in other parts of Tamilnadu to raise interest and awareness about birds, nature and environmental conservation. I hope this blog will inspire others to do more in these lines. Keep up the good work.
    Best wishes,
    V. Santharam
    Rishi Valley

    Liked by 1 person

  5. Very wonderful to read this blog and article. You choosed darter. Darter mostly ruled the world. Oriental Darter -Anhinga melanogaster ruled oriental region , African darter Anhinga rufa ruled all Africa to North Africa and ruled up to neo Arctic region, Australian darter Anhinga novaehollandie ruled Australasia and American darter Anhinga anhinga ruled south to North America.wold have four darter only Anhinga genus.
    Very nice article
    Raghuvirsinh Jadeja RFO Tapi – vyara Gujarat . Sahiyadi and Satpura forest

    Liked by 1 person

  6. Congratulations. Wonderful initiative. You really have openned a new path for others to follow.Great compilation. A quick read through shows the amount of outreach programmes you have done in Salem. Wishing you all the very best.

    Liked by 1 person

  7. Good initiative ganeshwar. Hope it only gets better during the coming years. I would suggest for the next issue; natural wealth of Salem (such as yercaud, mettur and other site), geography, river systems etc. Past work in Salem. Contribution from other naturalist from salem. biography of people those who have worked in salem.

    Best of luck

    Liked by 1 person

  8. This is wonderful to see, Ganeshwar! I can note the amount of work and effort put in and I want to congratulate you and birders around Salem for that. Would be a great addition if you could include more about the birders too, maybe do a section on a single bird – it’s seasonality and distribution in Salem every issue. Or perhaps profile a birding location form the district.

    Cheers and good luck!

    Liked by 1 person

  9. The art of teaching to conserve species is wonderful. Appreciate the Birding team for such an effort. Preserving Endemic resources like tree species and fruit bearing trees would provide an habitat conservation exercise too. Good luck

    Liked by 1 person

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